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The Perfect Cup of Coffee: How to Make One

What is the Science Behind the Perfect Cup of Coffee?

The perfect cup of coffee is one that has the right balance of flavors and aromas.

The science behind it all starts with fresh ground coffee. There are many different types of beans for different tastes, but the thing they all have in common is that they must be ground to the specific grind for the brewing method to maximize flavor. These grounds should be heated to a specific temperature, anywhere between 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit (91-96 degrees Celsius)( Water Temperature ) for optimal flavor. The machine should then brew at a steady pace, not too fast or too slow, for 4-5 minutes. And lastly, the finished product should be cooled for 4 minutes before drinking to enjoy it at its best.

Typical Coffee Grinds

  • French Press Grind – French press uses a course grind – To course of a grind will make a dull cup of coffee, while a to fine of a grind will make the coffee bitter. On a burr grinder the setting would be 28 about half way between drip and full course. Course drings are used for slower water penatration, French Press, Cold Brew
  • Pour over and Drip Grind – A medium grind of 20 on a burr grind is good. For the drip we like to grind it a little finer. This is the 4-5 minute water penatration.
  • Aeropress Coffee Maker Grind – The aeropress is very close to the espresso grind which would be a 12 on a burr grinder. The stipping time is only about 30 seconds- it makes a great cup of coffee.
  • Espresso maker grind – Espresso makers use the finest of grinds. 8 on the burr grinder scale. It is a quick high-pressure steam water going through the grounds.
Dragon Slayer Coffee Co. Yama Manual | Ceramic Coffee Grinder

How much ground coffee do you use?

The coffee to water ratio is a personal preference. A good starting point is 2 tablespoons per 6oz of water. But you want that perfect cut of fresh brew – Go for the weight – 10-12gms per 6oz of water @ 195-200 degrees Fahrenheit.

The Coffee Bean

The coffee beans need to be freshly roasted and of high quality-  Yes, high-quality roasted coffee is more expensive – but worth it.  Here at Dragonslayercoffee.co our Artisan Roaster starts with a 90+ grade bean which means less than 5 defects per 12 oz. Considered a Specialty outstanding grade.

Roast type, Origin, and Freshness have everything to do with Flavor.

Coffee Roasts

The most popular type of coffee in the United States is Arabica. But if you want to know more about the coffee, let’s take a look at some different types of roasts.

There are two main types of coffee roasts – dark or light. The darker roast will have a richer flavor and a higher acidity level, along with a lower caffeine level, because the beans have been roasted for longer periods of time.

Coffee roast types

Light roasts have been roasted for less time, so they have a milder flavor and lower acidity levels, and usually higher caffeine levels.

Coffee roasts are not just a personal preference. They also come with different flavors and tastes.

The lightest roast is called the ‘American roast’ and is the first step in the roasting process. It has a flavor that is lighter and has notes of caramel, toffee, and hazelnut.

The Light-medium roast carries some of the light roast and medium roast flavors

The medium roast – has a flavor that’s stronger than an American roast but lighter than a dark or Italian roast. It has notes of coriander, lime, plum, and chocolate as well as some maltiness.

The medium-dark roast – This roast carries some medium roast flavors and dark roast flavors.

Dark roasts have a strong taste and can produce flavors such as cinnamon, cocoa, cola, smokey chocolate, vanilla, or coffee beans on their own without any additives needed for flavorings.

Roast Examples From Dragon Slayer Coffee Company

  • Light Roast –  Wake Up and Roar – Higher caffeine level – Flavor notes: Peanuts and Sweet Honey
  • Light Medium Roast –  Honduras Cocafelol – Flavor notes: Sweet Mild Taste, Chocolate, Brown Sugar, Green Apple, Ripe Citrus & Dark Berries with nutty undertones
    Aroma:  Vanilla & Hazelnuts
  • Medium Dark Roast – Columbian El Corazon – Flavor notes: Cherry, Plum, & Grape followed by Chocolate & Cane Sugar with hints of Caramel & Toffee and a Sweet Finish. Aroma:  Cocoa & Sweet Caramel
  • Dark Roast – Guatemalan Tikal – Flavor Notes: Dark Chocolate & with hints of Fresh Fruits & Fresh Citrus finished by a toffee-like sweetness.

Now to make a great cup of coffee – Just decide which way to make it.  We like the pour-over method using a Chemex, OXO electric kettle, and a burr grinder set at 20 using 11  grams per 6 oz of water.  

Coffee Pour Overs - Coffee Scales & Timers - Coffee French Press - Aeropress Coffee Maker - Espresso Machines

Coffee But morning is a lightly roasted coffee, ground in a spice coffee grinder in our Drip Keurig coffee maker.  It makes a tasty smooth cup of coffee in the morning – low acid and smooth flavor and a nice caffeine level to get us going.

Late afternoon coffee is a measured out – ground to the perfect consistency grind coffee. With the exact amount of water to grounds, water boiled to 195 degrees and slowly poured over a Chemex coffee maker.  The taste and flavors are incredible – unmatchable from a coffee shop. It is a cup of coffee to enjoy and savor.  

Price-wise – per cup.   1.16 per 12oz cup. of very high-quality coffee.